1933 Newspaper Headlines
What happened in 1933 that sent the tabloids into overdrive and the public into a frenzy? 1933 newspaper headlines document a fascinating year for political, social and cultural aspects of society. Communism was in full swing, Adolf Hitler became dictator of Germany, 15 million people were unemployed in the United States and Albert Einstein arrived in the US as a refugee from Nazi Germany. There are plenty of headlines to keep you turning pages for hours, as you discover what it would have been like to live during this year in history.
January 5, 1933
Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States, dies of coronary thrombosis.
January 5, 1933
Construction begins on the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco Bay.
January 23, 1933
The 20th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, changing Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20.
February 27, 1933
Germany’s main parliament building, the Reichstag, is set on fire and severely damaged. The fire is supposedly started by Dutch communist, Marinus van der Lubbe, and he is later beheaded for the crime. The verdict continues to be the subject of controversy, as many historians point to the convenient assistance that the fire gave to Nazi Germans in their mission to weed out communists and increase state security throughout Germany.
March 3, 1933
Mount Rushmore National Park is dedicated.
March 4, 1933
President Herbert Hoover is succeeded by Franklin D. Roosevelt, who in reference to the ‘Great Depression‘, proclaims in his inauguration speech, “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself”.
March 9, 1933
The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation to help with the Great Depression.
March 12, 1933
President Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President in the first of his “Fireside Chats”.
March 23, 1933
The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
April 19, 1933
The United States officially goes off the gold standard.
May 2, 1933
The first alleged sighting of the ‘Loch Ness Monster’ in Scotland is recorded on a photograph taken by Hugh Gray. The world becomes captivated by the myth, but tales of the monster had in fact been circulating since the seventh century.
July 4, 1933
Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi, political and spiritual leader, is sentenced to prison in India for creating unrest in Kheda. He had been cleaning-up the village and studying the suffering of its inhabitants, encouraging the people to stand-up for themselves and to condemn the social evils that were taking place by those in power.
July 6, 1933
The first Major League Basketball All-Star Game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
October 10, 1933
A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by a bomb near to Chesterton in Indiana. This is the first proven case of air sabotage in commercial airline history.
October 17, 1933
Albert Einstein arrives in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
November 8, 1933
President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
December 5, 1933
The 21st Amendment to the Constitution repeals Prohibition and goes into effect.
December 21, 1933
The British Plastics Federation, the oldest in the world, is founded.
December 26, 1933
The Nissan Motor Company is established in Tokyo, Japan.
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